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Centre for Sustainable Development

Est 2000 - home of the MPhil in Engineering for Sustainable Development

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Africa and SE Asia

Our focus here is on a systems approach to WASH programmes and, in particular, how the range of factors that influence the performance of hand pump boreholes in sub-Saharan Africa interrelate. To understand these we have developed a series of approaches using causal loop diagrams and Bayesian Network Analysis to help identify the leverage points where overall system performance can be improved.

Readings and resources


Through the CAPABLE project we have studied the underlying stresses from environmental hazards on the health of local communities in Bangladesh with a focus on water related issues including arsenic in groundwater.

Readings and resources

  • Lake P., Fenner R.A. (2019) “The influence of underlying stresses from environmental hazards on resilience in Bangladesh: a system view”, International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, Volume 10, pp. 511–528, 
  • Duchanois R.M., Liddle E.S., Fenner R.A., Jeuland M., Evans B.,  Cumming O.,    Zaman R., Ross I,. Gribble M.O., Brown J. (2019) “Identifying factors associated with water service continuity for the rural populations of Bangladesh, Pakistan, Ethiopia, and Mozambique”, Environmental Science and Technology, Volume 53, pp. 4355-4363, March,


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WASH in Africa and SE Asia



WASH water pump image


WASH image of child drinking water