An Examination of the Urban Heat Island and its Mitigation
As recently as 1950, 30% of the world’s population lived in urban areas. By the year 2030, 60% of the world’s population will live in cities (UN 2001). The science of sustainable development requires the ability to examine and understand the implications of broad and aggregate impacts. This is even more difficult in rapidly urbanizing regions globally where the pace of change itself becomes part of what has to be taken into account in engineering designs, modelling, planning, and policy development.